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Erectile Dysfunction (ED): Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Erectile Dysfunction (ED): Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment


Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a problem where a man has trouble getting or keeping an erection that’s firm enough for sex. It’s common, especially as men get older, but younger men can have it too. This condition can affect relationships and how a man feels about himself. Let’s explore what causes ED, what signs to look for, how doctors find out if someone has it, and what can be done to treat it.

What is Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition that generally impacts how your penis works. It means you might have trouble getting or keeping an erection that’s strong enough for sex. Your feelings are essential for getting and keeping an erection. Feeling calm, confident, and excited is vital.

But it’s okay to sometimes have trouble with erections. If you feel worried, stressed, upset, or tired, it can make it harder to get an erection. Drinking alcohol or using drugs can also affect this. ED can also happen because of other health problems or as a side effect of some medicines or treatments for cancer.

If you are having trouble getting or keeping an erection, it’s a good idea to see a doctor to talk about it. Sometimes, ED can be a sign of another problem, like heart disease. It’s important to talk to a healthcare expert if you have trouble with erections.

Erectile dysfunction is also known by these names:

  • Impotency
  • Impotence

Types of Erectile Dysfunction

Healthcare experts separate erectile dysfunction into several categories-

Vascular erectile dysfunction- Vascular ED happens when problems with blood vessels affect the flow of blood to the tissues in your penis that help you get and keep an erection. It’s the most common type of ED.

Neurogenic erectile dysfunction- Neurogenic ED happens when there are problems with nerves that stop signals from going from your brain to your penis to make an erection. This can be caused by injuries, surgeries in the pelvic area, radiation treatments, or conditions like stroke, spinal stenosis, and multiple sclerosis (MS).

Psychogenic erectile dysfunction- Psychogenic ED is when psychological issues, like feelings, thoughts, or behaviours, can cause erectile dysfunction.

Hormonal erectile dysfunction- Hormonal ED occurs when erectile dysfunction happens because of low testosterone levels or sometimes because of problems with the thyroid gland.

Symptoms of erectile dysfunction

Symptoms of erectile dysfunction include:

  • Sometimes, being able to get an erection before sex.
  • Getting an erection before sex but not keeping it during.
  • Not being able to get an erection at all.
  • Needing a lot of stimulation to keep an erection.
Causes of erectile dysfunction

There are various possible causes of ED, including conditions that impact your-

Nervous system- Your nervous system includes your nerves, spinal cord, and brain. They work together to send signals that help your body move and feel, including your penis.

Circulatory system- Your circulatory system includes blood vessels that carry blood all over your body. Your penis needs enough blood flow to get hard and stay that way. It also depends on valves that should close when it fills with blood. Sometimes, these valves don’t work right.

Endocrine system- Your endocrine system includes glands that make and release hormones. These hormones tell your body how to do different jobs. Testosterone is a hormone that can widen (dilate) your blood vessels, helping blood flow to your penis.

Diagnosis of Erectile Dysfunction

To diagnose ED, a doctor may:

Ask Questions: They will ask about your symptoms, overall health, and medical history.

Physical Exam: This might include checking your blood pressure, heart, and genitals.

Tests: Blood tests to check for underlying health conditions like diabetes or hormone problems. Sometimes, other tests like a nocturnal penile tumescence test (to check for erections during sleep) may be done.

Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction

There are several ways to manage Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Here are some common ED treatments:

1. Lifestyle Changes:

  • Exercise: Regular physical activity may help improve blood flow.
  • Healthy Eating: Eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can improve health.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking can make ED worse, so stopping can help.

2. Medicines:

  • Pills: There are pills that helps increase blood flow to the penis. Some common ones are Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra.
  • Other Medicines: Some medicines can be injected or inserted into the penis to help get an erection.

3. Therapy and Counseling:

  • Talking to a Therapist: Sometimes, ED is caused by stress, anxiety, or other emotional issues. A therapist can help you work through these feelings.
  • Couples Counseling: Talking with a counsellor together with your partner may help improve your relationship and reduce stress.

4. Medical Devices:

  • Vacuum Pumps: These are devices that help pull blood into the penis to cause an erection.
  • Penile Implants: In some cases, a doctor may suggest surgery to place an implant in the penis.

5. Hormone Therapy:

  • Testosterone Treatment: If ED is caused by low levels of the hormone testosterone, doctors might prescribe hormone therapy.
Medications to treat Erectile dysfunction

There are different types of medicines that can treat Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Here are some common ones:

1. Viagra (Sildenafil):

How it works: This pill increases blood flow to the penis, which helps you get and keep an erection.

When to take it: Usually, you take it about 30 minutes to an hour before you want to have sex.

2. Cialis (Tadalafil):

How it works: Similar to Viagra, it helps blood flow to the penis. This ED medication can work for up to 36 hours.

When to take it: You can take it 30 minutes before sex, or you can take a small dose every day.

3. Levitra (Vardenafil):

How it works: This pill also helps increase blood flow to the penis.

When to take it: Take it about 30 minutes to an hour before sex.

4. Stendra (Avanafil):

How it works: It helps blood flow to the penis and works faster than some other medicines.

When to take it: You can take it about 15-30 minutes before sex.

5. Alprostadil:

How it works: This medicine can be injected into the penis or inserted as a small suppository inside the urethra (the tube urine comes out of).

When to take it: It works quickly, usually within 5 to 20 minutes.

These are some of the best ED medications that can help many men with ED. It’s important to talk to a doctor to find out which one is best for you and to make sure it’s safe to use.

Natural treatments for ED

There are various supplements and herbs that helps to treat erectile dysfunction. A few of them are-

  • L-arginine
  • Shtavari
  • DHEA [dehydroepiandrosterone]
  • L-carnitine
  • Yohimbe
  • Ginseng, such as Korean red ginseng

Zinc and Horny goat weed can also be helpful.

Final Takeaway

ED (Erectile Dysfunction) is when a man has trouble getting or keeping an erection firm enough for sex. This can make you feel worried or sad, but there are many ways to help. If you think you may have ED, it’s essential to talk to a doctor. They can find out why it’s happening and suggest the best ED treatments.

You can try different things to help with ED. Eating healthy, exercising, and quitting smoking can make a big difference. There are also pills like Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra that can help you get an erection. Sometimes, talking to a therapist or using a vacuum pump can also help. Besides, Our websites offer ED treatment online, including consultations with doctors and prescriptions for medications.

Remember, ED is a common problem, and you are not alone. Many men experience it, and there are treatments that can help you feel better. Don’t be afraid to ask for help and try different options until you find what works best for you.

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