4 Medications for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
If you are coping with a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and wanting to get a full fletched treatment, let me tell you beforehand it requires an amalgamation of various methods to ensure full recovery from the situation. The combo of cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication is the most popular and trusted way to normalize moderate to severe anxiety issues. In this course, prescribed drugs work towards lowering the extremism of symptoms induced by anxiety. On the other hand, behavioral therapies mainly focus on knowing the causes and getting familiar with situations or things that activate the patient's fear or worry.
When talking about the particular medications found useful in shrinking the severe symptoms of anxiety disorders, more particularly generalized anxiety disorder, patients need not take them for an extended period. The reason behind this is the extreme possibility of abuse and addiction to these beneficial drugs, which can not just make the condition worse but also reverse the process as a whole. There are various kinds of prescription drugs that have proved their worth with benefits in GAD cases globally.
Antidepressants work significantly in treating the major depressive disorder, chronic pain conditions, and some addictions. Although depression and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms are way different, this potent medication family is incredibly useful in lowering anxiety symptoms. And the gratifying news for the patients is that there are varied classes of antidepressants used to treat GAD's varying degrees. These are not just limited to GAD but also proven effective in treating social anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
These are the most widely prescribed antidepressants in many countries. It includes Lexapro (escitalopram), Paxil (Paroxetine), Prozac(fluoxetine), and Zoloft (sertraline).They are in constant demand because they tend to produce fewer side effects than other antidepressants, though all of them are pretty similar in their plan of action; SSRI differs in side effects, dosage plan, and the purpose they fulfill.
These are another type of antidepressant widely used in cases of depression and anxiety disorders. It contrasts from more widely considered SSRI's as they interact with norepinephrine along with serotonin. It includes drugs like Effexor (venlafaxine), Cymbalta (duloxetine), which are as effective as Paxil and Lexapro in controlling generalized anxiety disorder symptoms.
This class of antidepressants includes drugs like Tofranil (imipramine), Pamelor (nortriptyline), Norpramin (desipramine), and Anafranil (clomipramine) and usually requires a single dose to treat GAD and depression symptoms. TCA treatment starts with smaller amounts as it may induce some side effects like agitation, restlessness, panic attacks, and some cardiac effects. That is why doctor refrains from prescribing these to patients with underlying health issues.
This class of antidepressants comes with a long history of usage as prescribed medication in treating depression. Not just that, they are quite beneficial in treating the symptoms relating to anxiety disorders, panic disorder, and social phobias. However, they are not well renowned for its potency as they have some severe side effects in patients, making them a risky choice. People getting treated with MAOI's need to follow a strict diet as the drug can react with a substance known as 'tyramine,' found in food-substances producing adverse effects. It includes phenelzine (Nardil), Selegiline (Emsam), tranylcypromine (Parnate), and isocarboxazid (Marplan).
Azapirone is another class of prescribed drugs used as anxiolytics, antidepressants, and antipsychotics in treating anxiety disorders, depression, and sometimes in panic disorders. It includes medications like Buspirone (Buspar), Gepirone (Ariza, Variza), and Tandospirone (Seidel) found useful in overcasting the symptoms of GAD and other anxiety issues. However, Buspirone may or may not be available with Buspar's brand name; some alternatives provide relief from those miserable anxiety attacks. Psychiatrists trust these medicines if patients don't gel up with benzodiazepines like alprazolam and cannot buy alprazolam online or offline mediums to counter their mental situation.
Antipsychotics and anticonvulsants are two class medications usually considered for treating numerous kinds of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder and social phobias. Antipsychotics like vortioxetine, quetiapine, aripiprazole, olanzapine, and risperidone work well in treating patients dealing with GAD. Anticonvulsants like pregabalin have also formed exceptionally well in lowering the severity of GAD symptoms. However, antipsychotics and anticonvulsants are not the first-line treatment of anxiety disorders and secure their place in situations where other medications don't work or induces dramatic impacts.